Egoli, the Zulu name for 'place of gold' is a city founded on mining. Even now, Johannesburg is still the financial capital of South Africa as well as a rapidly growing vibrant, metropolis larger than London or New York, rich in its African and European history.
Johannesburg, or Jo’burg as it is more affectionately known as, is the largest city in South Africa and the provincial capital of Gauteng. It was founded in 1886 when prospectors found gold in the area then known as Witwatersrand. As thousands flocked to the Langlaagte farm in the savanna, the Boers, Dutch farmers, set up a township and named it after two officials of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek (ZAR); Johannes Meyer and Johannes Rissik. The government changed hands in 1900 when the British captured the city during the Second Boer War, enfolding it into the British Commonwealth.
A city of controversial background, it now works hard to rise above its sordid past when native tribesmen were forced to work in the gold mine and apartheid separated people by color. Today it is a dynamic and multicultural city of four million people. It is also a very green city despite its savanna setting. With around 6 million trees, Johannesburg is probably the world’s largest man-made urban forest.