Thanks to a recent incorporation of adjacent wildlife reserves, Ruaha National Park straddles the changing ecosystems of Eastern and Southern Africa encompassing a wide diversity of landscapes and animals.
Southern Tanzania’s Ruaha National Park is known for its rich and diverse wildlife, which includes a particularly impressive elephant population. Ruaha is the largest national park in Tanzania and East Africa, spanning over about 25,000-square miles. With low numbers of tourists each year, Ruaha is the ideal place to explore the wonders of Africa in virtual seclusion. The diverse landscape here ranges from baobab trees and granite kopjes to open plains with cooling rivers and woodland valleys. The mountains in the south and west reach as high as 6.000 feet. But the heart of the park is the great Ruaha River that flows east into the Rufiji River and where a lot of the wildlife can be spotted. There are also other sand rivers that disappear during the dry season.
Besides having elephants numbering in the 12,000, a tenth of the world’s lion population lives in Ruaha and prides of 20 or more are commonplace. Sightings of herds of greater and lesser kudu, sable and roan antelope are frequent, as are glimpses of the third highest population of endangered African wild dog, bat-eared fox and cheetah. The elusive leopard can be spotted lurking in the bushes. Coming out to play at night, the diverse nocturnal wildlife here includes genet, white tailed mongoose, bat-eared foxes, hyena, lion, and rare aardwolf.